South Africa

South Africa

https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/2/2a/Flag_of_South_Africa_(1928-1994).svg/1280px-Flag_of_South_Africa_(1928-1994).svg.png https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/a/af/Flag_of_South_Africa.svg/2000px-Flag_of_South_Africa.svg.png

The Apartheid State: P. W. Botha

https://www.awesomestories.com/images/user/3efac955b8.jpg
P. W. Botha

South African Transition: F. W. de Klerk

http://nobelpeaceprizeforum.org/wp-content/uploads/2011/07/f-w-de-klerk-200x300.jpg
F. W. de Klerk

The New South Africa: Nelson Mandela

https://www.limkokwing.net/graphics/community/recognized_leadership/nelson_mandela.jpeg
Nelson Mandela


South Africa’s Long March to Freedom: A Personal View

http://www.orakonews.com/wp-content/uploads/2014/02/Mandela-De-Klerk-Debate.jpg

By Aubrey Immelman

Abstract

In this article I first offer a brief historical account of European white settlement, and ultimately political dominance, in southern Africa. Next, I outline how whites, and in particular Afrikaner-dominated National Party governments after 1948, achieved almost total subjugation of South Africa’s black majority through oppressive legislation and the calculated use of force. In that regard I enumerate some of the draconian laws enacted in the post-1948 apartheid state — laws that served as an impetus for black nationalism, anger, resistance, protest and, after 1960, armed struggle to achieve liberation from white  oppression. Against this background, I examine salient factors accounting for South Africa’s relatively peaceful transition from apartheid state to nonracial democracy, focusing on situational variables as well as the personal characteristics of South African presidents P. W. Botha, F. W. de Klerk, and Nelson Mandela.

Citation

Immelman, A. (1994). South Africa’s long march to freedom: A personal view. The Saint John’s Symposium, 12, 1-20.

Full text at Digital Commons


South Africa in Transition: The Influence of the Political Personalities of Nelson Mandela and F. W. de Klerk

http://blogs.reuters.com/great-debate/files/2013/12/deklerk-mandela1.jpg
F. W. de Klerk and Nelson Mandela

By Aubrey Immelman

Abstract

The purpose of this paper is to examine salient factors accounting for South Africa’s relatively peaceful transition from apartheid state to nonracial democracy, focusing on the political personalities of South African leaders P. W. Botha, F. W. de Klerk, and Nelson Mandela. Following a brief overview of situational variables, the paper describes the political personalities of Mandela and De Klerk as assessed by the Millon-Type Political Personality Checklist (MPPC). The study shows that one cannot fully account for political developments in South Africa’s transition without considering (a) the interaction between situational variables and the political personalities of Nelson Mandela and F. W. de Klerk and (b) synergistic features in the personalities of these two leaders.

Citation

Immelman, A. (1994). South Africa in transition: The influence of the political personalities of Nelson Mandela and F. W. de Klerk. Paper presented at the 17th Annual Scientific Meeting of the International Society of Political Psychology, Santiago de Compostela, Galicia, Spain, July 11–14, 1994.

Full text at Digital Commons

A different view of Mandela and De Klerk


A Millon-Based Study of Political Personality: Nelson Mandela and F. W. de Klerk

Part I: Method and Preliminary Results

By Aubrey Immelman

Abstract

This paper reports the method and preliminary findings of an investigation of the political personalities of South African president F. W. de Klerk and African National Congress president Nelson Mandela. The purpose of the study was to assess the utility of Theodore Millon’s personological model as an alternative or supplementary conceptual framework and methodology for the assessment of political personality. Conceptually, the investigation was conducted from the perspective of a model of personality compatible with Axis II of DSM-III-R, which serves as an important psychodiagnostic frame of reference for the practice of contemporary psychiatry and clinical psychology. Methodologically, the investigation involved personality appraisals at a distance, using an instrument adapted from the work of Millon and his associates.

Citation

Immelman, A. (1993). A Millon‑based study of political personality: Nelson Mandela and F. W. de Klerk. Part I: Method and preliminary results. Paper presented at the 16th Annual Scientific Meeting of the International Society of Political Psychology, Cambridge, MA, July 6–11, 1993.

Full text at Digital Commons


A Millon-Based Study of Political Personality: Nelson Mandela and F. W. de Klerk

Part II: Further Results and Implications

By Aubrey Immelman

Abstract

This paper reports the results of a psychobiographical investigation, using the Millon-Type Political Personality Checklist, of the political personalities of outgoing South African president F. W. de Klerk and newly elected South African president Nelson Mandela, and examines the interactional influence of their respective personalities in facilitating South Africa’s transition from apartheid state to nonracial democracy.

Citation

Immelman, A. (1994, June). A Millon-based study of political personality: Nelson Mandela and F. W. de Klerk. Part II: Further results and implications. Unpublished manuscript.

Full text at Digital Commons