A study conducted during the 1996 U.S. presidential election cycle found that Republican nominee Sen. Bob Dole’s primary personality patterns are Controlling/dominant (subsequently relabeled Dominant/controlling) and Conforming/dutiful (subsequently relabeled Conscientious/dutiful). A dimensional reconceptualization of the results to examine convergences among the Millon-based personality profile, Simonton’s dimensions of presidential style, and the five-factor model of personality suggested that Dole was deliberative/conscientious and relatively low on interpersonality/agreeableness.
The Political Personalities of 1996 U.S. Presidential Candidates Bill Clinton and Bob Dole (Aubrey Immelman, The Leadership Quarterly, Vol. 9, No. 3, Special Issue: Political Leadership, Fall 1998, pp. 335–366). Available at https://digitalcommons.csbsju.edu/psychology_pubs/3/
A Comparison of the Political Personalities of 1996 U.S. Presidential Candidates Bill Clinton and Bob Dole (Paper presented by Aubrey Immelman at the 19th Annual Scientific Meeting of the International Society of Political Psychology, Vancouver, BC, June 30–July 3, 1996).